There are a number of analyses and surveys done before 19th century know the exact rate of literacy level. By the surveys, it was found that the country most of the children doesn’t get the assistance for the study due to low income of their family. The resultant figure mostly found in the rural areas where people lack education and hence, such areas, making the picture of the country vulnerable. Hence, with a view to that, the government of India has made some significant reforms in the field of education so that no class of people is left uneducated. Even, some of the NGO’s also are making effort that no children should work at the age of which they supposed to study.
Measures to improve the Educational level:
Now, when India steps in the 20th century there has been reforms and law passed to improve the level of standard living and making people a social animal. In this regard the main reform or we can say the main amendment was the 86th Constitution Amendment Act of 2002 which laid:
• The insertion of a new article 21A under the article 21 of the constitution, i.e. Right to life and Personal liberty. According to the Art. 21A, “Right to Education: which means that the state shall provide free and compulsory for all children of the age of Six and Fourteen in such manner as the state may, by law, determine.
• Substitution of Article 45 under article 21A which means that the provision of early childhood care and education to children below the age of six years.
• To amend the Art. 51A, “which says that it shall be the obligation of the parents to provide education to their children”.
Enforcement to improve the nutrient and Educational Level:
• Midday Meal provide wholesome nutrients and proteins support to children; increase the school enrolment from Std. 1 to 8 under NFSA 2013 (National Food Security Act)
• Aganbadi Kendra established to provide employment to rural people and food to children who are going to study in school.
All the above reform and acts are interrelated to each other and hence helps in boosting the educational level among poor children. The program was the successfully launched by the government in more than 50 regionally remote areas, but it saw some criticism in the past three financial years where the department mainly the HRD department which saw some serious cut off in the financial bill where it said that:
India as an Educational hub:
India is one of the major educational hubs in the world, with the establishment some of the major educational universities and institutions for different wings. The major schools/colleges of the country are quite efficient in delivering quality in the education and nurturing the brain of the students. The land of some high-grade faculties and the way of teaching method has taken the level of education to such a level that most of the international student are ought to enroll themselves in the emerging country.
However, the higher the education, higher is the cost of education. Therefore, the government must make initiatives to develop the level of education among the young generation, so that the constraints of money should not come between the student and their dream.